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Monitoring Multiple Projects with Cloud Monitoring

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Monitoring Multiple Projects with Cloud Monitoring

1 hour 1 Credit

GSP090

Google Cloud self-paced labs logo

Overview

Cloud Monitoring provides dashboards and alerts so you can review performance metrics for cloud services, virtual machines, and common open source servers such as MongoDB, Apache, Nginx, Elasticsearch, and more. You configure Cloud Monitoring in the Console.

In this hands-on lab you will have 2 projects to monitor in Cloud Monitoring. You'll add them both to a Cloud Monitoring account and monitor the metrics the virtual machines in the projects provide.

What you'll learn

  • Create a Cloud Monitoring account that has two Google Cloud projects.

  • Monitor across both projects from the single Cloud Monitoring account.

Setup and requirements

Before you click the Start Lab button

Read these instructions. Labs are timed and you cannot pause them. The timer, which starts when you click Start Lab, shows how long Google Cloud resources will be made available to you.

This hands-on lab lets you do the lab activities yourself in a real cloud environment, not in a simulation or demo environment. It does so by giving you new, temporary credentials that you use to sign in and access Google Cloud for the duration of the lab.

To complete this lab, you need:

  • Access to a standard internet browser (Chrome browser recommended).
Note: Use an Incognito or private browser window to run this lab. This prevents any conflicts between your personal account and the Student account, which may cause extra charges incurred to your personal account.
  • Time to complete the lab---remember, once you start, you cannot pause a lab.
Note: If you already have your own personal Google Cloud account or project, do not use it for this lab to avoid extra charges to your account.

How to start your lab and sign in to the Google Cloud Console

  1. Click the Start Lab button. If you need to pay for the lab, a pop-up opens for you to select your payment method. On the left is the Lab Details panel with the following:

    • The Open Google Console button
    • Time remaining
    • The temporary credentials that you must use for this lab
    • Other information, if needed, to step through this lab
  2. Click Open Google Console. The lab spins up resources, and then opens another tab that shows the Sign in page.

    Tip: Arrange the tabs in separate windows, side-by-side.

    Note: If you see the Choose an account dialog, click Use Another Account.
  3. If necessary, copy the Username from the Lab Details panel and paste it into the Sign in dialog. Click Next.

  4. Copy the Password from the Lab Details panel and paste it into the Welcome dialog. Click Next.

    Important: You must use the credentials from the left panel. Do not use your Google Cloud Skills Boost credentials. Note: Using your own Google Cloud account for this lab may incur extra charges.
  5. Click through the subsequent pages:

    • Accept the terms and conditions.
    • Do not add recovery options or two-factor authentication (because this is a temporary account).
    • Do not sign up for free trials.

After a few moments, the Cloud Console opens in this tab.

Note: You can view the menu with a list of Google Cloud Products and Services by clicking the Navigation menu at the top-left. Navigation menu icon

Setup for two projects

For this lab you are given two Project IDs. When you logged in, by default you logged in to Project 1. You'll need to keep track of your projects, and you can return to this page to remind yourself which is which. The projects will change order, so knowing the last few digits of the name will help you identify them.

Lab details pane with Username, Password, Project ID 1, and Project ID 2

Project 1 already has a virtual machine (and you can look at it by going to Compute Engine > VM instances). You will create a virtual machine in Project 2, and then monitor both projects in Cloud Monitoring.

Task 1. Create Project 2's virtual machine

  1. At the top of the screen, click on the dropdown arrow next to Project 1's name.

Dropdown arrow

  1. Make sure that you're on the All tab, then click on the name of Project 2 to go into it. All tab

  2. Select Navigation menu > Compute Engine to open the VM instances window.

  3. Click +Create instance to create a new instance.

  4. Name this instance instance2.

Select Region us-west1 and Zone us-west1-b.

Leave all of the options at the default settings.

  1. Click Create.

Now you have resources to monitor in both of your projects.

Test completed task

Click Check my progress to verify your performed task. If you have completed the task successfully you will be granted an assessment score.

Create Project 2's virtual machine Note: Make sure that you are in Project 2 to proceed further in the lab.

Create a Monitoring Metrics Scope

Set up a Monitoring Metrics Scope that's tied to your Google Cloud Project. The following steps create a new account that has a free trial of Monitoring.

  • In the Cloud Console, click Navigation menu Navigation menu icon > Monitoring.

When the Monitoring Overview page opens, your metrics scope project is ready.

Now add both projects to Monitoring.

  1. In the left panel, click Settings and then in the Settings window, click +Add GCP PROJECTS in the GCP Projects section.

  2. Select Project ID 1.

  3. Under Select scoping project, select Use this project as the scoping project.

  4. Click Add projects then click Confirm.

Task 2. Monitoring Overview

Click on Overview in the left menu. You'll be adding a lot of good information here as the lab goes along. First, you'll create a Cloud Monitoring Group for visibility across both projects.

About Cloud Monitoring groups

Cloud Monitoring lets you define and monitor groups of resources, such as VM instances, databases, and load balancers. Groups can be based on names, tags, regions, applications, and other criteria. You can also create subgroups, up to six levels deep, within groups.

Create a Cloud Monitoring group

  1. In the left menu, click Groups, then click +Create group.

  2. Name your group DemoGroup.

The Criteria is a set of rules that will dynamically evaluate which resources should be part of this group.

Cloud Monitoring dynamically determines which resources belong to your group based on the filter criteria that you set up.

  • In the first dropdown field (Type), Name is selected by default.

  • In the second dropdown (Operator), Contains is selected by default.

  • In the third field (Value), type in "instance" since both of the instance names in both of your projects start with the word instance.

  1. Click Done, then click Create.

Test completed task

Click Check my progress to verify your performed task. If you have completed the task successfully you will be granted an assessment score.

Create a Cloud Monitoring Group

Task 3. Uptime check for your group

Uptime checks let you quickly verify the health of any web page, instance, or group of resources. Each configured check is regularly contacted from a variety of locations around the world. Uptime checks can be used as conditions in alerting policy definitions.

  1. In the left menu, click Uptime checks, then click +Create uptime check.

  2. Create your uptime check with the following information:

Title: DemoGroup uptime check, then click Next.

Protocol: TCP

Resource Type: Instance

Applies To: Group, and then select DemoGroup.

Port: 22

Check frequency: 1 minute, then click Next.

  1. Click Next again.

  2. Put the slider in off state for Create an alert option in Alert & notification section.

  3. Click TEST to verify that your uptime check can connect to the resource.

  4. When you see a green check mark everything can connect, click Create.

Test completed task

Click Check my progress to verify your performed task. If you have completed the task successfully you will be granted an assessment score.

Uptime Check for your group

Task 4. Alerting policy for the group

Use Cloud Monitoring to create one or more alerting policies.

  1. In the left menu, click Uptime checks.

  2. Click the three dots More menu icon at the far right of your Display Name and click Add alert policy.

  3. Click +Add alert condition.

  4. Select the previously created Uptime health check on DemoGroup condition and click Delete alert condition.

  5. In your New condition, click Select a metric.

  6. Turn off the Show only active resources & metrics toggle.

  7. In the Select a metric field, search check_passed and click VM Instance > Uptime_check > Check passed. Click Apply.

  8. Click Add filter, set the Filter to check_id and select demogroup-uptime-check as the Value. Click Done, then click Next.

  9. Select Metric absence as Condition type and click Next.

  10. Turn off Configure notifications.

  11. In the Alert policy name field, enter the Name as Uptime Check Policy. Click Next.

  12. Click Create policy.

Test completed task

Click Check my progress to verify your performed task. If you have completed the task successfully you will be granted an assessment score.

Alerting Policy for the group

Task 5. Custom dashboard for your group

Create a custom dashboard so you can monitor your group easily.

  1. In the left menu, click Dashboards, then click +Create dashboard.

  2. Name your dashboard.

  3. Click the Line option in Chart library to add the first chart.

  4. Leave the Chart Title as default.

  5. In the Resource & Metric field, search uptime (compute.googleapis.com/instance/uptime) and click VM Instance > Instance > Uptime. Click Apply.

The dashboard should look like:

Dashboard

Task 6. Remove one instance to cause a problem

  1. In the console, select Navigation menu > Compute Engine.

  2. Check the box next to instance2, then click on the 3 vertical dots More icon at the top of the page and click Stop. Click Stop again to turn off the machine.

  3. Wait a minute or 2 for the instance to stop and violate the uptime check you just set up. After a couple of minutes, turn your machine back on by clicking Start/Resume, then Start.

  4. Click Navigation menu > Monitoring > Alerting and refresh your browser. It may take a few more minutes to show that you have issues in the Summary section. Refresh until you see an Incident similar to this:

Incidents page

Optional: Using the left menu, look at Dashboards to view your custom dashboard. This provides details on both VMs. If you mouse over your chart, you can see which of your instances was stopped and restarted.

Incidents

When the alerting policy conditions are violated, an "incident" is created and displayed in the Incident section.

Responders can acknowledge receipt of the notification and can close the incident when it has been taken care of.

  1. In the Incidents section, click on the name of the alerting policy that was violated to go into it.

You've already fixed your problem by turning the VM back on, so the incident was cleared and you no longer see an incident in the Incidents section.

  1. To see the cleared incident, scroll down and click on the Show closed incidents link.

Your incident should have a Closed status. You can read through the incident details.

  1. You can also click on the Uptime Check Policy link to explore the metrics it gives you.

In several more minutes the Monitoring Overview page will all go back to green when the instance in Project 2 passes the Uptime Check.

(Optional) Remove your alerting policy

If you set up an email alert as part of your alerting policy, there is a chance that you will receive a few emails about your resources even after the lab is completed.

To avoid this, remove the alerting policy before you complete your lab.

Task 7. Test your understanding

Below is a true/false question to reinforce your understanding of this lab's concepts. Answer it to the best of your ability.

Congratulations!

You have monitored 2 Google Cloud projects in Cloud Monitoring, and responded to an incident with one of the instances in the Group.

Finish your quest

This self-paced lab is part of the Google Cloud's Operations Suite quest. A quest is a series of related labs that form a learning path. Completing this quest earns you a badge to recognize your achievement. You can make your badge or badges public and link to them in your online resume or social media account. Enroll in this quest and get immediate completion credit. Refer to the Google Cloud Skills Boost catalog for all available quests.

Take your next lab

Continue your Quest with Monitoring and Logging for Cloud Functions, or check out these suggestions:

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Manual Last Updated August 12, 2022

Lab Last Tested August 12, 2022

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