Create a service account key
Data Loss Prevention: Qwik Start - JSON
The Data Loss Prevention API provides programmatic access to a powerful detection engine for personally identifiable information (PII) and other privacy-sensitive data in unstructured data streams.
The DLP API provides fast, scalable classification and optional redaction for sensitive data elements like credit card numbers, names, social security numbers, passport numbers, and phone numbers. The API supports text and images – just send data to the API or specify data stored on your Cloud Storage, BigQuery, and Cloud Datastore instances.
In this lab, you will set up a JSON file to analyze, send it to the Data Loss Prevention API, to inspect a string of data for sensitive information, then redact any sensitive information that was found.
Setup and requirements
Before you click the Start Lab button
Read these instructions. Labs are timed and you cannot pause them. The timer, which starts when you click Start Lab, shows how long Google Cloud resources will be made available to you.
This hands-on lab lets you do the lab activities yourself in a real cloud environment, not in a simulation or demo environment. It does so by giving you new, temporary credentials that you use to sign in and access Google Cloud for the duration of the lab.
To complete this lab, you need:
- Access to a standard internet browser (Chrome browser recommended).
- Time to complete the lab---remember, once you start, you cannot pause a lab.
How to start your lab and sign in to the Google Cloud Console
Click the Start Lab button. If you need to pay for the lab, a pop-up opens for you to select your payment method. On the left is the Lab Details panel with the following:
- The Open Google Console button
- Time remaining
- The temporary credentials that you must use for this lab
- Other information, if needed, to step through this lab
Click Open Google Console. The lab spins up resources, and then opens another tab that shows the Sign in page.
Tip: Arrange the tabs in separate windows, side-by-side.
Note: If you see the Choose an account dialog, click Use Another Account.
If necessary, copy the Username from the Lab Details panel and paste it into the Sign in dialog. Click Next.
Copy the Password from the Lab Details panel and paste it into the Welcome dialog. Click Next.
Important: You must use the credentials from the left panel. Do not use your Google Cloud Skills Boost credentials. Note: Using your own Google Cloud account for this lab may incur extra charges.
Click through the subsequent pages:
- Accept the terms and conditions.
- Do not add recovery options or two-factor authentication (because this is a temporary account).
- Do not sign up for free trials.
After a few moments, the Cloud Console opens in this tab.
Activate Cloud Shell
Cloud Shell is a virtual machine that is loaded with development tools. It offers a persistent 5GB home directory and runs on the Google Cloud. Cloud Shell provides command-line access to your Google Cloud resources.
- Click Activate Cloud Shell at the top of the Google Cloud console.
When you are connected, you are already authenticated, and the project is set to your PROJECT_ID. The output contains a line that declares the PROJECT_ID for this session:
gcloud is the command-line tool for Google Cloud. It comes pre-installed on Cloud Shell and supports tab-completion.
(Optional) You can list the active account name with this command:
Your output should now look like this:
(Optional) You can list the project ID with this command:
gcloud, in Google Cloud, refer to the gcloud CLI overview guide.
Task 1. Create a service account key
Set an environment variable for your project ID:
Create a Service Account to access the Google Cloud APIs when testing locally:
Give your newly created Service Account appropriate permissions:
After creating your Service Account, create a Service Account key:
This command generates a service account key stored in a JSON file named key.json in your home directory.
Click Check my progress to verify your performed task
Task 2. Inspect a string for sensitive information
Using your preferred editor (
vim, etc.) or Cloud Shell, create a JSON request file with the following text, and save it as
In Cloud Shell, authenticate to your service account, passing the location of your service account key file:
Obtain an authorization token using your service account:
A huge string will get returned. You will need this token in the next step.
curlto make a
ACCESS_TOKENwith the string that was returned in the previous step and
PROJECT_IDwith your lab project ID:
curlyou use the
-doption (for "data") and precede the filename with an
@sign. This file should be in the same directory in which you execute the
You should see a response similar to the following:
Task 3. Redacting sensitive data from text content
The Data Loss Prevention API can automatically redact sensitive data from text files instead of giving you a list of findings.
Try sending the API JSON file using deidentifyConfig object, so sensitive information is redacted from the output.
Create a new JSON file (called
new-inspect-file.json) that includes the following:
curlto make a
ACCESS_TOKENwith the string that was returned earlier and
PROJECT_IDwith your lab project ID. Also, replace the filename with the JSON file you configured in the previous step:
You've sent your first request to the Data Loss Prevention API and redacted sensitive information from output!
Finish your quest
This self-paced lab is part of the Baseline: Deploy & Develop and Security & Identity Fundamentals quests. A quest is a series of related labs that form a learning path. Completing a quest earns you a badge to recognize your achievement. You can make your badge or badges public and link to them in your online resume or social media account. Enroll in any quest that contains this lab and get immediate completion credit. Refer to the Google Cloud Skills Boost catalog for all available quests.
Take your next lab
Continue your quest with these suggestions:
Next steps / learn more
This lab is also part of a series of labs called Qwik Starts. These labs are designed to give you a little taste of the many features available with Google Cloud. Search for "Qwik Starts" in the lab catalog to find the next lab you'd like to take!
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Manual Last Updated: December 14, 2022
Lab Last Tested: December 14, 2022
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