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Google Cloud Pub/Sub: Qwik Start - Console

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Google Cloud Pub/Sub: Qwik Start - Console

30 minutes Free

GSP096

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Overview

Google Cloud Pub/Sub is a messaging service for exchanging event data among applications and services. A producer of data publishes messages to a Cloud Pub/Sub topic. A consumer creates a subscription to that topic. Subscribers either pull messages from a subscription or are configured as webhooks for push subscriptions. Every subscriber must acknowledge each message within a configurable window of time.

What you'll learn

  • Set up a topic to hold data.
  • Subscribe to a topic to access the data.
  • Publish and then consume messages with a pull subscriber.

Setup and requirements

Before you click the Start Lab button

Read these instructions. Labs are timed and you cannot pause them. The timer, which starts when you click Start Lab, shows how long Google Cloud resources will be made available to you.

This hands-on lab lets you do the lab activities yourself in a real cloud environment, not in a simulation or demo environment. It does so by giving you new, temporary credentials that you use to sign in and access Google Cloud for the duration of the lab.

To complete this lab, you need:

  • Access to a standard internet browser (Chrome browser recommended).
Note: Use an Incognito or private browser window to run this lab. This prevents any conflicts between your personal account and the Student account, which may cause extra charges incurred to your personal account.
  • Time to complete the lab---remember, once you start, you cannot pause a lab.
Note: If you already have your own personal Google Cloud account or project, do not use it for this lab to avoid extra charges to your account.

Now that you've started your lab, you'll log in to the Google Cloud Shell console, then launch the command line tool.

How to start your lab and sign in to the Google Cloud Console

  1. Click the Start Lab button. If you need to pay for the lab, a pop-up opens for you to select your payment method. On the left is the Lab Details panel with the following:

    • The Open Google Console button
    • Time remaining
    • The temporary credentials that you must use for this lab
    • Other information, if needed, to step through this lab
  2. Click Open Google Console. The lab spins up resources, and then opens another tab that shows the Sign in page.

    Tip: Arrange the tabs in separate windows, side-by-side.

    Note: If you see the Choose an account dialog, click Use Another Account.
  3. If necessary, copy the Username from the Lab Details panel and paste it into the Sign in dialog. Click Next.

  4. Copy the Password from the Lab Details panel and paste it into the Welcome dialog. Click Next.

    Important: You must use the credentials from the left panel. Do not use your Google Cloud Skills Boost credentials. Note: Using your own Google Cloud account for this lab may incur extra charges.
  5. Click through the subsequent pages:

    • Accept the terms and conditions.
    • Do not add recovery options or two-factor authentication (because this is a temporary account).
    • Do not sign up for free trials.

After a few moments, the Cloud Console opens in this tab.

Note: You can view the menu with a list of Google Cloud Products and Services by clicking the Navigation menu at the top-left. Navigation menu icon

Activate Cloud Shell

Cloud Shell is a virtual machine that is loaded with development tools. It offers a persistent 5GB home directory and runs on the Google Cloud. Cloud Shell provides command-line access to your Google Cloud resources.

  1. Click Activate Cloud Shell Activate Cloud Shell icon at the top of the Google Cloud console.

  2. Click Continue.

It takes a few moments to provision and connect to the environment. When you are connected, you are already authenticated, and the project is set to your PROJECT_ID. The output contains a line that declares the PROJECT_ID for this session:

Your Cloud Platform project in this session is set to YOUR_PROJECT_ID

gcloud is the command-line tool for Google Cloud. It comes pre-installed on Cloud Shell and supports tab-completion.

  1. (Optional) You can list the active account name with this command:

gcloud auth list

Output:

ACTIVE: * ACCOUNT: student-01-xxxxxxxxxxxx@qwiklabs.net To set the active account, run: $ gcloud config set account `ACCOUNT`
  1. (Optional) You can list the project ID with this command:

gcloud config list project

Output:

[core] project = <project_ID>

Example output:

[core] project = qwiklabs-gcp-44776a13dea667a6 Note: For full documentation of gcloud, in Google Cloud, refer to the gcloud CLI overview guide.

Task 1. Setting up Pub/Sub

You can use the Google Cloud Shell console to perform operations in Google Cloud Pub/Sub.

To use a Pub/Sub, you create a topic to hold data and a subscription to access data published to the topic.

  1. Click Navigation menu (Navigation menu icon) > Pub/Sub > Topics.

Navigation menu

  1. Click Create topic.

Create topic button

  1. The topic must have a unique name. For this lab, name your topic MyTopic. In the Create a topic dialog:
  • For Topic ID, type MyTopic.
  • Leave other fields at their default value.
  • Click CREATE TOPIC.

Create a topic dialog box

You've created a topic.

Test completed task

Click Check my progress to verify your performed task. If you have successfully created a Cloud Pub/Sub topic, you will see an assessment score.

Create a Pub/Sub topic.

Task 2. Add a subscription

Now you'll make a subscription to access the topic.

  1. Click Topics in the left panel to return to the Topics page. For the topic you just made click the three dot icon > Create subscription.

Topics page

  1. In the Add subscription to topic dialog:
  • Type a name for the subscription, such as MySub
  • Set the Delivery Type to Pull.
  • Leave all other options at the default values.

Add subscription to topic dialog box

  • Click Create.

Your subscription is listed in the Subscription list.

Test completed task

Click Check my progress to verify your performed task. If you have successfully created a subscription for Cloud Pub/Sub topic, you will see an assessment score.

Add a subscription.

Task 3. Test your understanding

Below are multiple choice questions to reinforce your understanding of this lab's concepts. Answer them to the best of your abilities.

Task 4. Publish a message to the topic

  1. At the bottom of the Topics details page, click Messages tab and then click Publish Message.

  2. Enter Hello World in the Message field and click Publish.

Hello World in the Message field

Task 5. View the message

To view the message you'll use the subscription (MySub) to pull the message (Hello World) from the topic (MyTopic).

  • Enter the following command in the command line.

gcloud pubsub subscriptions pull --auto-ack MySub

The message appears in the DATA field of the command output.

Command output

You created a Pub/Sub topic, published to the topic, created a subscription, then used the subscription to pull data from the topic.

Congratulations!

You created a Pub/Sub topic, published to the topic, created a subscription, then used the subscription to pull data from the topic.

Finish Your Quest

This self-paced lab is part of the Baseline: Infrastructure quest. A quest is a series of related labs that form a learning path. Completing this quest earns you a badge to recognize your achievement. You can make your badge or badges public and link to them in your online resume or social media account. Enroll in this quest or any quest that contains this lab and get immediate completion credit. See the Google Cloud Skills Boost catalog to see all available quests.

Take your next lab

This lab is also part of a series of labs called Qwik Starts. These labs are designed to give you a little taste of the many features available with Google Cloud. Search for "Qwik Starts" in the lab catalog to find the next lab you'd like to take!

Next steps /Learn more

Learn about something completely different with the Google Cloud SKills Boost lab, Google Maps Web Services Proxy for Mobile Applications.

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Manual Last Updated June 16, 2022

Lab Last Tested October 01, 2021

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