Emoji pipeline has completed
End-to-end ML pipeline training job has started
Vertex Pipelines: Qwik Start
Pipelines help you automate and reproduce your ML workflow. Vertex AI integrates the ML offerings across Google Cloud into a seamless development experience. Previously, models trained with AutoML and custom models were accessible via separate services. Vertex AI combines both into a single API, along with other new products. Vertex AI also includes a variety of MLOps products, like Vertex Pipelines. In this lab, you will learn how to create and run ML pipelines with Vertex Pipelines.
Why are ML pipelines useful?
Before diving in, first understand why you would want to use a pipeline. Imagine you're building out a ML workflow that includes processing data, training a model, hyperparameter tuning, evaluation, and model deployment. Each of these steps may have different dependencies, which may become unwieldy if you treat the entire workflow as a monolith. As you begin to scale your ML process, you might want to share your ML workflow with others on your team so they can run it and contribute code. Without a reliable, reproducible process, this can become difficult. With pipelines, each step in your ML process is its own container. This lets you develop steps independently and track the input and output from each step in a reproducible way. You can also schedule or trigger runs of your pipeline based on other events in your Cloud environment, like when new training data is available.
What you'll learn
Use the Kubeflow Pipelines SDK to build scalable ML pipelines
Create and run a 3-step intro pipeline that takes text input
Create and run a pipeline that trains, evaluates, and deploys an AutoML classification model
Use pre-built components for interacting with Vertex AI services, provided through the google_cloud_pipeline_components library
Schedule a pipeline job with Cloud Scheduler
Setup and requirements
Before you click the Start Lab button
Read these instructions. Labs are timed and you cannot pause them. The timer, which starts when you click Start Lab, shows how long Google Cloud resources will be made available to you.
This hands-on lab lets you do the lab activities yourself in a real cloud environment, not in a simulation or demo environment. It does so by giving you new, temporary credentials that you use to sign in and access Google Cloud for the duration of the lab.
To complete this lab, you need:
- Access to a standard internet browser (Chrome browser recommended).
- Time to complete the lab---remember, once you start, you cannot pause a lab.
How to start your lab and sign in to the Google Cloud Console
Click the Start Lab button. If you need to pay for the lab, a pop-up opens for you to select your payment method. On the left is the Lab Details panel with the following:
- The Open Google Console button
- Time remaining
- The temporary credentials that you must use for this lab
- Other information, if needed, to step through this lab
Click Open Google Console. The lab spins up resources, and then opens another tab that shows the Sign in page.
Tip: Arrange the tabs in separate windows, side-by-side.
Note: If you see the Choose an account dialog, click Use Another Account.
If necessary, copy the Username from the Lab Details panel and paste it into the Sign in dialog. Click Next.
Copy the Password from the Lab Details panel and paste it into the Welcome dialog. Click Next.
Important: You must use the credentials from the left panel. Do not use your Google Cloud Skills Boost credentials. Note: Using your own Google Cloud account for this lab may incur extra charges.
Click through the subsequent pages:
- Accept the terms and conditions.
- Do not add recovery options or two-factor authentication (because this is a temporary account).
- Do not sign up for free trials.
After a few moments, the Cloud Console opens in this tab.
Task 1. Create a Vertex Notebooks instance
Click on the Navigation Menu.
Navigate to Vertex AI, then to Workbench.
On the Notebook instances page, navigate to the User-Managed Notebooks tab and wait until
ai-notebookis fully created.
- Once the instance has been created, select Open JupyterLab:
Task 2. Vertex Pipelines setup
There are a few additional libraries you'll need to install in order to use Vertex Pipelines:
Kubeflow Pipelines: This is the SDK used to build the pipeline. Vertex Pipelines supports running pipelines built with both Kubeflow Pipelines or TFX.
Google Cloud Pipeline Components: This library provides pre-built components that make it easier to interact with Vertex AI services from your pipeline steps.
Step 1: Create Python notebook and install libraries
- From the Launcher menu in your Notebook instance, create a notebook by selecting Python 3:
You can access the Launcher menu by clicking on the + sign in the top left of your notebook instance.
To install both services needed for this lab, first set the user flag in a notebook cell:
Then run the following from your notebook:
After installing these packages you'll need to restart the kernel:
Finally, check that you have correctly installed the packages. The KFP SDK version should be >=1.6:
Step 2: Set your project ID and bucket
Throughout this lab you'll reference your Cloud Project ID and the bucket you created earlier. Next you'll create variables for each of those.
If you don't know your project ID you may be able to get it by running the following:
Then create a variable to store your bucket name.
Step 3: Import libraries
Add the following to import the libraries you'll be using throughout this lab:
Step 4: Define constants
The last thing you need to do before building the pipeline is define some constant variables.
PIPELINE_ROOTis the Cloud Storage path where the artifacts created by your pipeline will be written. You're using
us-central1as the region here, but if you used a different
regionwhen you created your bucket, update the REGION variable in the code below:
After running the code above, you should see the root directory for your pipeline printed. This is the Cloud Storage location where the artifacts from your pipeline will be written. It will be in the format of
Task 3. Creating your first pipeline
Create a short pipeline using the KFP SDK. This pipeline doesn't do anything ML related (don't worry, you'll get there!), this exercise is to teach you:
- How to create custom components in the KFP SDK
- How to run and monitor a pipeline in Vertex Pipelines
You'll create a pipeline that prints out a sentence using two outputs: a product name and an emoji description. This pipeline will consist of three components:
product_name: This component will take a product name as input, and return that string as output.
emoji: This component will take the text description of an emoji and convert it to an emoji. For example, the text code for ✨ is "sparkles". This component uses an emoji library to show you how to manage external dependencies in your pipeline.
build_sentence: This final component will consume the output of the previous two to build a sentence that uses the emoji. For example, the resulting output might be "Vertex Pipelines is ✨".
Step 1: Create a Python function based component
Using the KFP SDK, you can create components based on Python functions. First build the
product_name component, which simply takes a string as input and returns that string.
Add the following to your notebook:
Take a closer look at the syntax here:
@componentdecorator compiles this function to a component when the pipeline is run. You'll use this anytime you write a custom component.
base_imageparameter specifies the container image this component will use.
output_component_fileparameter is optional, and specifies the yaml file to write the compiled component to. After running the cell you should see that file written to your notebook instance. If you wanted to share this component with someone, you could send them the generated yaml file and have them load it with the following:
-> str after the function definition specifies the output type for this component.
Step 2: Create two additional components
To complete the pipeline, create two more components. The first one takes a string as input, and converts this string to its corresponding emoji if there is one. It returns a tuple with the input text passed, and the resulting emoji:
This component is a bit more complex than the previous one. Here's what's new:
packages_to_installparameter tells the component any external library dependencies for this container. In this case, you're using a library called emoji.
This component returns a
Outputs. Notice that each of the strings in this tuple have keys:
emoji. You'll use these in your next component to access the output.
The final component in this pipeline will consume the output of the first two and combine them to return a string:
You might be wondering: how does this component know to use the output from the previous steps you defined?
Good question! You will tie it all together in the next step.
Step 3: Putting the components together into a pipeline
The component definitions defined above created factory functions that can be used in a pipeline definition to create steps.
To set up a pipeline, use the
@dsl.pipelinedecorator, give the pipeline a name and description, and provide the root path where your pipeline's artifacts should be written. By artifacts, it means any output files generated by your pipeline. This intro pipeline doesn't generate any, but your next pipeline will.
In the next block of code you define an
intro_pipelinefunction. This is where you specify the inputs to your initial pipeline steps, and how steps connect to each other:
product_tasktakes a product name as input. Here you're passing "Vertex Pipelines" but you can change this to whatever you'd like.
emoji_tasktakes the text code for an emoji as input. You can also change this to whatever you'd like. For example, "party_face" refers to the 🥳 emoji. Note that since both this and the
product_taskcomponent don't have any steps that feed input into them, you manually specify the input for these when you define your pipeline.
The last step in the pipeline -
consumer_taskhas three input parameters:
- The output of
product_task. Since this step only produces one output, you can reference it via
emojioutput of the
emoji_taskstep. See the
emojicomponent defined above where you named the output parameters.
- Similarly, the
emoji_textnamed output from the
emojicomponent. In case your pipeline is passed text that doesn't correspond with an emoji, it'll use this text to construct a sentence.
- The output of
Step 4: Compile and run the pipeline
With your pipeline defined, you're ready to compile it. The following will generate a JSON file that you'll use to run the pipeline:
Next, instantiate an API client:
Finally, run the pipeline:
Running the pipeline should generate a link to view the pipeline run in your console. It should look like this when complete:
- This pipeline will take 5-6 minutes to run. When complete, you can click on the
build-sentencecomponent to see the final output:
Now that you're familiar with how the KFP SDK and Vertex Pipelines works, you're ready to build a pipeline that creates and deploys an ML model using other Vertex AI services.
Task 4. Creating an end-to-end ML pipeline
It's time to build your first ML pipeline. In this pipeline, you'll use the UCI Machine Learning Dry Beans dataset, from: KOKLU, M. and OZKAN, I.A., (2020), "Multiclass Classification of Dry Beans Using Computer Vision and Machine Learning Techniques."In Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 174, 105507. DOI.
This is a tabular dataset, and in your pipeline you'll use the dataset to train, evaluate, and deploy an AutoML model that classifies beans into one of 7 types based on their characteristics.
This pipeline will:
- Create a Dataset in Vertex AI
- Train a tabular classification model with AutoML
- Get evaluation metrics on this model
- Based on the evaluation metrics, decide whether to deploy the model using conditional logic in Vertex Pipelines
- Deploy the model to an endpoint using Vertex Prediction
Each of the steps outlined will be a component. Most of the pipeline steps will use pre-built components for Vertex AI services via the
google_cloud_pipeline_components library yoy imported earlier in this codelab.
In this section, we'll define one custom component first. Then, we'll define the rest of the pipeline steps using pre-built components. Pre-built components make it easier to access Vertex AI services, like model training and deployment.
The majority of time for this step is for the AutoML training piece of this pipeline, which will take about an hour.
Step 1: A custom component for model evaluation
The custom component you'll define will be used towards the end of the pipeline once model training has completed. This component will do a few things:
- Get the evaluation metrics from the trained AutoML classification model
- Parse the metrics and render them in the Vertex Pipelines UI
- Compare the metrics to a threshold to determine whether the model should be deployed
Before defining the component, understand its input and output parameters. As input, this pipeline takes some metadata on your Cloud project, the resulting trained model (you'll define this component later), the model's evaluation metrics, and a
thresholds_dict_str is something you'll define when you run your pipeline. In the case of this classification model, this will be the area under the ROC curve value for which you should deploy the model. For example, if you pass in 0.95, that means you'd only like your pipeline to deploy the model if this metric is above 95%.
The evaluation component returns a string indicating whether or not to deploy the model.
Add the following in a notebook cell to create this custom component:
Step 2: Adding Google Cloud pre-built components
In this step you'll define the rest of your pipeline components and see how they all fit together.
First, define the display name for your pipeline run using a timestamp:
Then copy the following into a new notebook cell:
What's happening in this code:
First, just as in the previous pipeline, you define the input parameters this pipeline takes. You need to set these manually since they don't depend on the output of other steps in the pipeline.
The rest of the pipeline uses a few pre-built components for interacting with Vertex AI services:
TabularDatasetCreateOpcreates a tabular dataset in Vertex AI given a dataset source either in Cloud Storage or BigQuery. In this pipeline, you're passing the data via a BigQuery table URL.
AutoMLTabularTrainingJobRunOpkicks off an AutoML training job for a tabular dataset. You pass a few configuration parameters to this component, including the model type (in this case, classification), some data on the columns, how long you'd like to run training for, and a pointer to the dataset. Notice that to pass in the dataset to this component, you're providing the output of the previous component via
ModelDeployOpdeploys a given model to an endpoint in Vertex AI. There are additional configuration options available, but here you're providing the endpoint machine type, project, and model you'd like to deploy. You're passing in the model by accessing the outputs of the training step in your pipeline.
This pipeline also makes use of conditional logic, a feature of Vertex Pipelines that lets you define a condition, along with different branches based on the result of that condition. Remember that when you defined the pipeline you passed a
thresholds_dict_strparameter. This is the accuracy threshold you're using to determine whether to deploy your model to an endpoint. To implement this, make use of the
Conditionclass from the KFP SDK. The condition passed in is the output of the custom eval component you defined earlier in this lab. If this condition is true, the pipeline will continue to execute the
deploy_opcomponent. If accuracy doesn't meet the predefined threshold, the pipeline will stop here and won't deploy a model.
Step 3: Compile and run the end-to-end ML pipeline
With the full pipeline defined, it's time to compile it:
Next, kick off a pipeline run:
- Click on the link shown after running the cell above to see your pipeline in the console. This pipeline will take a little over an hour to run. Most of the time is spent in the AutoML training step. The completed pipeline will look something like this:
- If you toggle the "Expand artifacts" button at the top, you'll be able to see details for the different artifacts created from your pipeline. For example, if you click on the
datasetartifact, you'll see details on the Vertex AI dataset that was created. You can click the link here to go to the page for that dataset:
- Similarly, to see the resulting metric visualizations from your custom evaluation component, click on the artifact called metricsc. On the right side of your dashboard, you'll be able to see the confusion matrix for this model:
- To see the model and endpoint created from this pipeline run, go to the models section and click on the model named
automl-beans. There you should see this model deployed to an endpoint:
You can also access this page by clicking on the endpoint artifact in your pipeline graph.
In addition to looking at the pipeline graph in the console, you can also use Vertex Pipelines for Lineage Tracking.
Lineage tracking means tracking artifacts created throughout your pipeline. This can help you understand where artifacts were created and how they are being used throughout an ML workflow. For example, to see the lineage tracking for the dataset created in this pipeline, click on the dataset artifact and then View Lineage:
This shows all the places this artifact is being used:
Step 4: Comparing metrics across pipeline runs
If you run this pipeline multiple times, you may want to compare metrics across runs. You can use the
aiplatform.get_pipeline_df()method to access run metadata. Here, we'll get metadata for all runs of this pipeline and load it into a Pandas DataFrame:
You've now learned how to build, run, and get metadata for an end-to-end ML pipeline on Vertex Pipelines.
In this lab, you created and ran an emoji pipeline. You have also learned how to build, run, and get metadata for an end-to-end ML pipeline on Vertex Pipelines.
Finish your quest
This self-paced lab is part of the Building Machine Learning Solutions with Vertex AI skill badge Quest.A quest is a series of related labs that form a learning path. Completing this quest earns you a badge to recognize your achievement. You can make your badge or badges public and link to them in your online resume or social media account. Enroll in a quest and get immediate completion credit. See the Google Cloud Skills Boost catalog to see all available quests.
Take your next lab
Continue the Building and Deploying Machine Learning Solutions with Vertex AI quest with the next lab, Building and Deploying Machine Learning Solutions with Vertex AI: Challenge Lab.
Next steps / learn more
Try out the same scenario in your own Google Cloud Project using Developer Relations' Codelab!
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Manual Last Updated October 17, 2022
Lab Last Tested October 4, 2021
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