Create an instance and database
Create a schema for the database
Cloud Spanner: Qwik Start
Cloud Spanner is a fully managed, mission-critical, relational database service that offers transactional consistency at global scale, schemas, SQL (ANSI 2011 with extensions), and automatic, synchronous replication for high availability.
Cloud Spanner offers:
- Strong consistency, including strongly consistent secondary indexes.
- SQL support, with ALTER statements for schema changes.
- Managed instances with high availability through transparent, synchronous, built-in data replication.
Cloud Spanner offers regional and multi-region instance configurations.
What it's good for
Cloud Spanner is ideal for relational, structured, and semi-structured data that requires high availability, strong consistency, and transactional reads and writes.
Other storage options
Here are some common scenarios where you should probably consider an alternative to Cloud Spanner:
- If you do not want a strongly consistent and horizontally scaling relational database. Consider other storage offerings listed at Storage Options in Google Cloud and Data Lifecycle on Google Cloud.
- If you need an open source database.
This hands-on lab shows you how to create a Cloud Spanner instance, database, and table; add a schema, write and modify data, and run a query.
Setup and Requirements
Before you click the Start Lab button
Read these instructions. Labs are timed and you cannot pause them. The timer, which starts when you click Start Lab, shows how long Google Cloud resources will be made available to you.
This hands-on lab lets you do the lab activities yourself in a real cloud environment, not in a simulation or demo environment. It does so by giving you new, temporary credentials that you use to sign in and access Google Cloud for the duration of the lab.
What you need
To complete this lab, you need:
- Access to a standard internet browser (Chrome browser recommended).
- Time to complete the lab.
Note: If you already have your own personal Google Cloud account or project, do not use it for this lab.
Note: If you are using a Chrome OS device, open an Incognito window to run this lab.
How to start your lab and sign in to the Google Cloud Console
Click the Start Lab button. If you need to pay for the lab, a pop-up opens for you to select your payment method. On the left is a panel populated with the temporary credentials that you must use for this lab.
Copy the username, and then click Open Google Console. The lab spins up resources, and then opens another tab that shows the Sign in page.
Tip: Open the tabs in separate windows, side-by-side.
In the Sign in page, paste the username that you copied from the left panel. Then copy and paste the password.
Important: You must use the credentials from the left panel. Do not use your Google Cloud Training credentials. If you have your own Google Cloud account, do not use it for this lab (avoids incurring charges).
Click through the subsequent pages:
- Accept the terms and conditions.
- Do not add recovery options or two-factor authentication (because this is a temporary account).
- Do not sign up for free trials.
After a few moments, the Cloud Console opens in this tab.
Create an instance
When you first use Cloud Spanner, you must create an instance, which is an allocation of resources that are used by Cloud Spanner databases in that instance.
From the Console, from the Navigation menu select Spanner. Then click CREATE INSTANCE.
Fill in the following fields:
Instance Name: Test Instance.
Select Regional configuration and from the drop-down menu select region as
Your instance creation page now looks like this:
Click CREATE. You will now see your instance on the Instance Details page.
Create a database
In the Instance Overview page, click CREATE DATABASE.
For the Database name, enter example-db, and click CREATE.
You're now on the Database Overview page for the new database you created.
Click Check my progress to verify the objective.
Create a schema
The Cloud Console provides two ways to create, alter, and delete tables and indexes in a database:
- Use the default Database editor to specify each part of tables, columns, and indexes.
- Enter SQL statements in Cloud Spanner Data Definition Language (DDL) syntax.
This lab uses DDL.
Now click CREATE TABLE.
In the DDL TEMPLATES field, replace the existing query with:
Click Check my progress to verify the objective.
Insert and modify data
The Cloud Console provides an interface for inserting, editing, and deleting data.
In the left menu click Data, then click the INSERT button.
Replace the placeholder values for the following fields:
Your query should look similar to this:
SingerIDwith the given value in the Where condition.
Then click RUN.
Click table from the RESULTS and you'll see that the Singers table now has one row:
Click INSERT to add an additional row and replace the placeholder values with the following:
Then click RUN.
Click table from the RESULTS and you'll see that the Singers table now has two rows:
You can also insert empty string values when you enter data.
Click INSERT. Then enter in the following:
|LastName: STRING||' '|
Then click RUN.
Click table from the RESULTS and you'll see that the Singers table now has three rows, and the row for SingerID
3 has a LastName that is an empty string:
You will continue working on the Singers table. Check the box next to the row for SingerId
3, then click EDIT.
Enter in the following:
Your query will look similar to this:
Then Click RUN.
Click table from the RESULTS tab.
The row for SingerId
3 in the Singers table now has a BirthDate value:
Now try deleting some data from the table. Check the box next to the row for SingerId
2, then click DELETE.
You can safely ignore the warning that appears in the dialog. In the panel, click Confirm.
The Singers table now has two rows:
Run a query
You can execute a SQL statement on the query page of your database.
Navigate to your Spanner database by selecting DATABASE in the path at the top of your current table data page:
Click Query from the left menu.
Click CLEAR QUERY to clear the query you used for your table.
For the query enter:
The Cloud Console displays the result of your query:
Congratulations! You've successfully created a Cloud Spanner database and executed a SQL statement using the query editor!
Test your knowledge
Test your knowledge about Cloud Spanner by taking the following quiz. (Please select multiple correct options if necessary.)
Finish Your Quest
Continue your Quest with Baseline: Infrastructure. A Quest is a series of related labs that form a learning path. Completing this Quest earns you the badge above, to recognize your achievement. You can make your badge (or badges) public and link to them in your online resume or social media account. Enroll in this Quest and get immediate completion credit if you've taken this lab. See other available Qwiklabs Quests.
Next Steps / Learn More
This lab is part of a series of labs called Qwik Starts. These labs are designed to give you a little taste of the many features available with Google Cloud. Search for "Qwik Starts" in the lab catalog to find the next lab you'd like to take!
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Manual Last Updated October 18, 2021
Lab Last Tested October 18, 2021
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