Confirm that a Google Cloud Storage bucket exists that contains a file
Confirm that a compute instance has been created that has a remote startup script called install-web.sh configured
Confirm that a HTTP access firewall rule exists with tag that applies to that virtual machine
Connect to the server ip-address using HTTP and get a non-error response
Deploy a Compute Instance with a Remote Startup Script: Challenge Lab
In a challenge lab you’re given a scenario and a set of tasks. Instead of following step-by-step instructions, you will use the skills learned from the labs in the course to figure out how to complete the tasks on your own! An automated scoring system (shown on this page) will provide feedback on whether you have completed your tasks correctly.
When you take a challenge lab, you will not be taught new Google Cloud concepts. You are expected to extend your learned skills, like changing default values and reading and researching error messages to fix your own mistakes.
To score 100% you must successfully complete all tasks within the time period!
This lab is recommended for students who have enrolled in the Cloud Architecture: Design, Implement, and Manage skill badge or preparing for the Google Cloud Certified Professional Cloud Architect certification exam. Are you up for the challenge?
You have been given the responsibility of managing the configuration of your organization's Google Cloud virtual machines. You have decided to make some changes to the framework used for managing the deployment and configuration machines - you want to make it easier to modify the startup scripts used to initialize a number of the compute instances. Instead of storing startup scripts directly in the instances' metadata, you have decided to store the scripts in a Cloud Storage bucket and then configure the virtual machines to point to the relevant script file in the bucket.
A basic bash script that installs the Apache web server software called
install-web.sh has been provided for you as a sample startup script. You can download this from the Student Resources links on the left side of the page. You can also find the startup script in a public Cloud Storage bucket at
Configure a Linux Compute Engine instance that installs the Apache web server software using a remote startup script. In order to confirm that a compute instance Apache has successfully installed, the Compute Engine instance must be accessible via HTTP from the internet. You must create your instance in the following zone:
Task 1. Create a storage bucket
Task 2. Create a VM instance with a remote startup script
Task 3. Create a firewall rule to allow traffic (80/tcp)
Task 4. Test that the VM is serving web content
Tips and Tricks
- Configure Instance Metadata. The Running Startup Scripts documentation page explains how Compute Engine instance metadata can be used to configure startup scripts.
- Check if your Compute Engine instance is executing the startup script. Use the Serial Console for the running virtual machine to look at the startup events to make sure that the startup script is being executed.
- Check permissions. Your Compute Engine instance might not have the correct permissions required to read the startup script from the storage bucket. The virtual machine needs to be given permissions that align with the storage permissions.
- Check firewalls. If the startup script has installed the software you may be unable to connect if a firewall has not been correctly configured.
Check the URL and address. You will be unable to connect to the Apache web server if you are trying to access the Compute Engine instance using an HTTPS address rather than HTTP; or you are using the incorrect IP address. Check that your URL is
Congratulations! In this lab, you configured a Linux Compute Engine instance that installs the Apache web server software using a remote startup script. You also configured the Compute Engine instance to be accessible via HTTP from the internet.
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Manual Last Updated February 9, 2024
Lab Last Tested November 21, 2023
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